2002 winner FauciAnthony S. Fauci, MD, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health, is one of the world’s leading clinicians and researchers on the pathogenesis and treatment of immune-mediated diseases, including AIDS. His efforts include spearheading the drive for vaccines to prevent HIV, anthrax, and the Ebola virus.