Knowing the Numbers — and What They Mean
Here are some numbers you should know when it comes to hypertension:
- 1 out of every 3: American adults who have high blood pressure.
- 7.2: Projected percent increase in prevalence of hypertension between 2013 and 2030.
- 8-10: Recommended daily servings of fruit and/or vegetables to combat high blood pressure or improve overall health.
- 18.5: Percent of people with high blood pressure who are not aware they have it.
- 18.5 to 25: Ideal body mass index (BMI). To calculate BMI, just multiply your weight in pounds by 703, then divide that figure by your height in inches squared. A BMI of 25-30 is considered overweight and a BMI over 30 is obese.
- 30: Number of minutes you should be active or exercising daily (90 if you want to lose weight).
- Above 40 (men), 50 (women): Ideal HDL ("good" cholesterol) levels.
- 47: Percent of non-Hispanic African-American women age 20 and older with hypertension.
- 51.6: Overall death rate per 100,000 for black males from high blood pressure in 2009.
- 52.5: Percent of Americans with high blood pressure who have it under control.
- 78: Percent of Albany Med patients with high blood pressure who had it under control by end of 2013.
- Less than 100: Cap for blood sugar levels, which can be linked to Type 2 diabetes. Levels 100-126 are consistent for pre-diabetes; over indicates the potential diabetes exists.
- 150: Ideal Triglycerides cap.
- 200 or less: Ideal cap for overall cholesterol level.
- 348,102: Number of U.S. deaths (out of more than 2.4 million) in 2009 in which high blood pressure was listed as a primary or contributing cause of death.
- 90 Billion: Estimated direct and indirect annual cost in dollars related to high blood pressure.
Sources: American Heart Association, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Albany Medical Center