Thanks to health care reform, beginning last month women with health insurance no longer have to pay for contraception. While I fully support this legislation, I think it has unintended negative consequences for both women and men. Specifically, I am concerned that this legislation, as well as the debate surrounding it, once again conflates reproduction with women, thereby ignoring men’s reproductive responsibility and autonomy.
This legislation is based on and buttresses our current heterosexual contraceptive arrangement in which women are largely held responsible for contraception, especially in monogamous relationships where couples are more likely to depend upon long-acting, reversible contraceptives (LARCs) or sterilization rather than barrier methods. Women today actively participate in all contraceptive methods except vasectomy, which only accounts for 9% of contraception use in the U.S. Part of the reason for this is due the disparity between the number and types of female and male contraceptives: there are eleven contraceptive options for women, including various types of LARCs, and only two for men—male condoms and vasectomy—neither of which are LARCs. Monogamous couples not ready for sterilization generally don’t delegate contraceptive responsibility to men because male condoms are not well-suited to their needs: they are not nearly as effective as female LARCs (16% versus under 3% failure rate for typical use) and they can interrupt and minimize pleasure during sex.
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