We often hear stories in the media about women (and it is usually women, not men) who are irresponsibly reproducing (e.g. teenage girls, older women, single women, women on welfare, women with addictions, etc.). While determining what counts as responsible reproduction is not always an easy task, one way to do so is by drawing on the principle of nonmaleficence (aka “do no harm”). John Arras and Jeffrey Blustein present this line of thinking in their discussion of what it means to responsibly reproduce: “If one can reasonably be expected to predict that, should a person decide to reproduce, the resulting child’s existence would fall below a certain threshold of acceptable well-being, the person can be blamed for reproducing irresponsibly.” Arras and Blustein enumerate a range of ideas of what counts as being below this threshold from least controversial to most controversial: child abuse and neglect, children born with severe medical conditions, “anything that parents do to lower a child’s potential” (e.g. drinking alcohol during pregnancy), and “parents who do not optimize their child’s potential for a good life” (e.g. genetic enhancement). Regardless of how this threshold is defined, the main idea here is that people should not reproduce if their potential children would be harmed.
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