More and more journals are moving to an open access (OA) platform. OA journals are great because they defer the costs of publication and editorial management onto the researcher and not on readers of journals. There are many advantages to the OA movement. For starters, individual or institutional subscription to expensive journals is not required and OA articles are readily sought, downloaded and cited. There are also advantages to the researchers (authors) of publications, including the potential for greater access, higher citation, and wider circulation. For these and other reasons, many journals are jumping on the OA bandwagon. However, OA is not for everyone because it relies on authors to pay anywhere from several hundred to several thousand dollars. This can be limiting to certain individuals or even fields of researchers. Take bioethics for instance. Bioethicists use conceptual research methods making normative arguments, and they also use various empirical, social science research methods. Most bioethicists do not obtain large research grants that can cover the high costs to publish in OA journals. Bioethicists can perform research without external grant support although having funds certainly helps with empirical research. Moreover, younger investigators who likely have little to no money from grants are at a disadvantage. Usually in biomedical science, there is a culture of grant writing, intra-institutional collaboration for junior scholars to team up with senior investigators who have funds, and support for junior scholars including start-up funds or seed money. Yet start-up and seed money are less common for bioethics researchers beginning their own research programs. The argument I wish to make is that OA and its movement are more geared towards the biomedical sciences where there is a culture and requirement to obtain external grant support and funding, and where research. Obtaining funds for research is certainly not commonplace for bioethics. I am not trying to say that all biomedical scientists have it easier to publish in OA journals; but I just think bioethics, and likely other humanities fields are at a bit of a disadvantage. Without some form of financial support, either from the bioethics department, institution, or external grant funding, bioethicists are at a disadvantage and publish cannot publish in OA journals. And transferring copyright to an OA journal is generally not an option because the philosophy of OA journals is to make articles free for readers and not retain copyright.
The Alden March Bioethics Institute offers a Master of Science in Bioethics, a Doctorate of Professional Studies in Bioethics, and Graduate Certificates in Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethics Consultation. For more information on AMBI's online graduate programs, please visit our website.