"I now know that if you describe things as better as they are, you are considered to be romantic; if you describe things as worse than they are, you are called a realist; and if you describe things exactly as they are, you are called a satirist." – Quentin Crisp
A theme that has run through many of my blog posts so far is the concept of eudaimonia. This New Year, which not only highlights the annual rituals of goal setting and actively plotting to become the best person you can be in the year to come but also is a reminder of the birth of famed raconteur and master of wit, Quentin Crisp, seems to me like the perfect time to discuss this concept in greater detail.
"If I have any talent at all, it is not for doing but for being." – Quentin Crisp
Despite his humble self-description, Quentin Crisp has been a hero to many, and in his vocation of being he was one of the strongest advocates of “living well” in recent times. Living well (or “good spirit”, happiness, human flourishing, etc.) is roughly what ancient Greek philosophers meant by eudaimonia. Aristotle’s definition in the Nicomachean Ethics of “living well and doing well” (Book I, Chapter IV) is apt and fairly uncontroversial; but it is far from self-explanatory. After all, “living well” can mean different things to different people. For Aristotle, living well basically meant living a life of excellence in reason (along with certain external goods necessary to keep this virtuous activity going smoothly). The Stoics agreed with Aristotle’s account on the role of excellence in reason, but disagreed with him about the importance of such things as wealth, family, friends, power, beauty, etc. in one being able to achieve eudaimonia. The Cynics and the Stoics held fairly similar views of eudaimonia, but in general the Cynics seemed to actively disavow these external things, and living well to a Cynic would have been more akin to the life of a virtuous ascetic. The Cynics also tended to be, like Mr. Crisp, satirists, cosmopolitans, and lovers of excellence and humanity.