Throughout history there has been persecution of scientists and physicians. In some of the most notable historic cases persecution has been lead by powerful institutions including both church and government and has resulted in prosecution, conviction and punishment. The current prosecution of earthquake scientists underway in Italy seems to be an example of the worst sort of persecution and is indeed reminiscent of the types of unjust attacks by frustrated and wrong-headed government officials looking for scapegoats when there are none. The serious implications of this prosecution have intensified with the conviction of these scientists.
There seems to have been a great diversity in the basis for such persecution and these current events give us opportunity to review the reasons. I acknowledge the previous reviews and commentaries on this subject for having compiled much of the information.
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