One of the more controversial parts of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is the mandate that insurance companies cover contraception. As seen in the Hobby Lobby case, the argument is often boiled down to two conflicting sides: women who want the right to receive contraception without a co-payment and employers don’t want to provide contraception due to their religious convictions. Men’s right to receive contraception without a co-payment is missing from the ACA and the larger debate about the right to contraception. I wonder, however, how this public discussion would be different today if there were more types of male contraceptives and men were expected to assume more responsibility for contraception.
It is worth noting that women’s association with contraceptive responsibility is a relatively recent phenomenon. Before the “contraceptive revolution” of the 1950s and 1960s, which lead to the development of hormonal and long-acting contraceptives, notably the pill, men actively participated in many forms of contraception. One reason for this is that contraceptive use was tied to the act of sex itself or to the timing of sex; therefore men had to be involved. All of the available contraceptives were used during sex, such as condoms, diaphragms, sponges, and withdrawal; immediately following sex, like douches; or were related to the timing of sex, as in the case of the rhythm method.
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